Sierra San Pedro Mártir

National Park and Astronomical Observatory
Sierra San Pedro Mártir activities

The National Park includes the wooded portion located within the mountainous system of the Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, a region with important forest reserves. It is one of the few extensions of mountain forest that are located in the Peninsula of Baja California.

On April 26, 1947 this Natural Protected Area was decreed in Baja California, whose ecosystems contribute to regulate the climate of the central region and the valleys of La Trinidad, San Telmo and San Quintín.

Fauna: Puma (Puma concolor), Lynx (Lynx rufus), Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis cremnobates), Coyote (Canis latrans), Badger (Taxidea taxus), Gray fox, fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), Californian condor (Gymnogyps californianus).

Flora: Black pine (Pinus jeffreyi), Coulter pine (Pinus coulteri), Straight pine, royal pine, ocote (Pinus devoniana), Four-leaved pine (Pinus quadrifolia), Contorted pine (Pinus contorta), California Oyamel (Abies concolor), Lamo (Populus tremuloides), Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica var. montana), (Quercus spp.)

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The National Park

Is located in the central part of the state of Baja California, whose region corresponds to the municipality of Ensenada.
Total Area: 72,910.68 ha.
The area was explored for the first time around the year 1701 by expeditions of Eusebio Francisco Kino, under the Dominican order who founded the first mission in the place.
It has a variety of species of conifers and serves as an important refuge for the fauna of the peninsula among whose species, some of endemic nature can be seen bighorn sheep.
Within the limits of the national park, in the mountainous elevation known as Cerro de la Cúpula was established in 1971, the National Astronomical Observatory of Mexico, which is the second most important in Latin America.
Very close to the Observatory is the Picacho del Diablo, which is the highest point of the entire peninsula, reaching 3,095 meters above sea level, which is also within the national park.
Camping areas, cabins, observation from El Altar viewpoint, animals such as the wild cat, bighorn sheep, coyote, integration program of the California Condor.

For more information about Park and Observatory schedules, please contact the following telephone number 078


Official tourist information number.

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